Tag Archives: Marie Lloyd

In the courts

Music hall artistes, stars or unknowns, were no strangers to the courts and the newspapers had a field day reporting drunken escapades, thefts, adultery, assaults and disputes between managers and performers. Not quite respectable but still a good source of entertainment on and off the stage. In London, March 1897, Lily and Ellen Brown were charged with being disorderly and using obscene language. Shrieks and cries were heard around two in the morning in the Regent’s Park area where two young men accused the women of robbing them in a cab. The men refused to bring charges and the Misses Brown used ‘filthy and most disgraceful language — creating so great a disturbance that the whole neighbourhood was roused’. They said they had been taking part in a ballet at the Empire Theatre and were on their way home. The magistrate felt that dancing in the Empire ballet should have been sufficiently exciting for them and that they seemed to have an exuberance of artistic talent. They were fined ten shillings.

May Levey

May Levey

The Sisters Levey were a popular song and dance act but were subjected to ‘clowning’ by a cellist in the orchestra at the the Royal Court Theatre in Liverpool. ‘Clowning’ was the term used for purposely substituting the wrong music during a music hall act. The cellist, Frank Richardson, also absented himself from the orchestra during the performance. He was sacked and went to court to claim £4 10s (£4.50) for wrongful dismissal. He claimed it was customary for a musician to leave the performance for a few minutes if not needed for the piece but the theatre management responded that he was absent during the playing of two numbers, in one of which he was a soloist. The conductor appreciated that Frank Richardson was an excellent cello player but he had frequently been reprimanded for ‘clowning’ which took place when the Sisters Levey were on the stage and they had complained. The judge found against the cellist remarking that he had been properly dismissed, considering his conduct.

Marie Lloyd seems to have spent quite a lot of time in court on her own behalf or connected to other cases. In January 1893 her husband, Percy Courtenay, summoned Bessie Bellwood for assaulting him at the Trocadero Music Hall. Bessie Bellwood, a former rabbit skinner from Bermondsey, was a fiery character who gave hecklers a hard time. Although a devout Roman Catholic she was known for her strong language on and off stage. Like many music hall performers she was a heavy drinker which might explain her tendency to lash out when riled. This case was adjourned and all parties seemed to have calmed down as it wasn’t pursued.

Marie Lloyd

Marie Lloyd

Marie Lloyd  took her coachman to court in 1896 for stealing a gold watch and diamond ring from her. Herbert Norton, aged twenty-four, had worked for Marie Lloyd for two years and disappeared one Saturday without notice. The ring was missing and found at a local pawnbroker’s along with the gold watch. Marie Lloyd was notoriously soft-hearted and generous and rather than prosecute Herbert she sent a telegram to his address saying if he returned the items by six o’clock she would not go to the police. She heard nothing but on Monday a parcel arrived containing Herbert’s uniform breeches, a tie and two pawn tickets. She sent the parcel back and went to the police. At the trial Marie Lloyd said, ‘Herbert, if you had asked me to forgive you I would have done so’. Apparently Herbert had robbed her before but she had forgiven him. The magistrate asked Marie if she desired to recommend him to mercy now to which she replied, ‘Oh, yes, please’. Herbert was sentenced to two months’ hard labour.

Cissie Loftus

Cissie Loftus

Next, the sad case of Cissie (Cecilia) Loftus who was a popular and gifted mimic on the music hall stage. In 1922 she was arrested for the possession of drugs and also had blank prescriptions in her bag. She told the arresting detective that she was undergoing a cure and a court case would ruin her. It was said in her defence that that she had had a long period of ill-health through which she had to work as her husband had left her with large debts. Drugs were administered to her during a serious operation and during childbirth and she became unable to resist them. Cissie said she had become almost afraid to appear on the stage and drugs helped her. She said her friends knew she was trying to free herself from the drugs habit. The judge ruled that she be placed on probation for a year on the condition that she went into a home for six to twelve months where she would be under strict medical supervision. Two of Cissie’s friends undertook to see that she complied with the terms of the judgement.

Less seriously, but still worthy of a court case, a waiter at the Tivoli Music Hall in London was charged with unlawfully offering cigar ends for sale. There was said to be a thriving trade between the music halls and cigar makers in the East End who used the ends to make cheap cigars. An attendant at the Pavilion Music Hall was prosecuted on behalf of the Inland Revenue with selling cigar ends without a licence. One line of defence was that in Paris and New York this was considered an acceptable business but the Inland Revenue wanted to stop the collection of cigar ends in large places of entertainment. Do you think they succeeded? The case was adjourned.

Thanks to britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk

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Kitty Marion

Kitty Marion

Kitty Marion

The music hall offered women artistes a degree of independence not always found in the world outside but still left them open to the vagaries of music hall managers, hangers-on and the ‘casting couch’ mentality. Women were campaigning for the vote during the peak days of music hall and the halls reflected this as they reflected all life. Kitty Marion was a music hall artiste and suffragette. Born in Germany in 1871, she came to England in her mid-teens to live with her sister, Dora. She started her career as a singer in musical comedy and went on to appear in music halls billed as a singer or comedienne. She was a member of the WSPU (Women’s Social and Political Union) and for some years juggled direct action with music hall and pantomime work. She threw stones and broke a Post Office window during Lloyd George’s visit to Newcastle in 1909, was imprisoned for a month and force fed after going on hunger strike. Kitty’s account in the Aberdeen Daily Journal states she barricaded her cell with her plank bed and placed herself so that she would be injured if the door were forced. This resulted in the door being removed from its hinges. On being force fed, she resisted saying she was a professional vocalist and might injure her throat. When she passed a doctor on the stairs she smacked his face and then broke ten panes of glass in her cell. She gnawed a hole in her pillow and emptied out the contents, tore up a bible and set fire to her cell, being carried out unconscious.

WSPU hunger strike medal

WSPU hunger strike medal

In 1910 Kitty threw stones at the window of the Moss’s Empires Ltd who owned and managed music halls. She acted to call public attention to ‘the disgraceful state of the theatrical profession’ where ‘it is almost impossible for a woman to earn her living respectably on the stage’. This time she was bound over but became more involved in direct action, choosing imprisonment rather than a fine each time. She was force fed 232 times and received the WSPU hunger strike medal and, amazingly, managed to appear in pantomime shortly after. The numbered photo of Kitty Marion, above, is from the police surveillance files of the time. Militant suffragettes pulled faces and would not stand still when having their prison photos taken so the police resorted to covert photography. Kitty, of course, had her music hall postcards which the authorities could use.

Kitty helped to form the Actresses’ Franchise League which sold suffrage literature and put on propaganda plays. She travelled the country working and protesting and in 1912 attended the National Eisteddfod in Wrexham where Lloyd George was to speak. He began to speak in front of an estimated crowd of thirteen thousand and each time he spoke a suffragette would shout their message. The women were bundled out but more took their places with the crowd shoving and pushing the women. It was reported that a large hank of auburn hair was torn from Kitty’s scalp and later exhibited at the offices of the Western Mail in Cardiff.

The arrest of Kitty Marion at the National Eisteddfod 1912

The arrest of Kitty Marion at the National Eisteddfod 1912. Museum of London

Kitty eventually gave up the stage for full-time action and was involved in an arson attack on the grandstand at Hurst Park race course. There is also strong evidence that she was responsible for an arson attack on the mansion owned by the the Hastings MP, Arthur Du Cros but she was never charged. In 1914, with the outbreak of war, she was threatened with deportation to Germany but was allowed to go to the United States instead, where she became a well-known activist, helping to establish America’s first birth control clinic.

Marie Lloyd was a staunch supporter of women’s rights and in 1909 had a small part in a suffrage play called ‘How the Vote was Won‘ at the Oxford in London. She is also reputed to have smuggled the militant suffragette, Annie Kenney, through the police cordon, into a theatre in a large hamper labelled ‘Marie Lloyd‘ so that she could speak to the crowd. Another performer, Wilkie Baird, took advantage of the political situation to sing an anti-suffragette song, ‘Put me on an island‘ with the refrain: Put me on an island where the girls are few/ Put me amongst the most ferocious lions in the zoo/ Put me on a treadmill and I’ll never fret/          But for pity’s sake don’t put me with a suffragette. Below are some anti-suffrage postcards.

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Thanks to britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk and eisteddfod.org.uk